Jumat, 07 November 2008

Banjar Debating Championship Community

Banjar Debating Championship Community

Holders:

Irene K. S. & Nisa H. P.

Visi:
-"Mengantarkan Siswa Kota Banjar Menjuarai WSDC"-

Misi:

-"Ingin Juara, Makanya Berlatih"-









past tournaments




Excellence in debating. International understanding. Freedom of speech.
The World Schools Debating Championships (WSDC) is a truly global competition for high school debaters. The Championships take place each year in a different country, hosted by a national debating body. Recent venues include Sydney, London, Johannesburg, Singapore, Lima and in 2006 Cardiff, Wales.

All debates take place in English. Each country can submit a squad of 3-5 students under 19 in full time education in that country to debate social, moral and political issues.

Past patrons of the Championships include Tony Blair and Nelson Mandela.

XL Capital

World Schools Debating Championships

The World Schools Debating Championships (WSDC) is an annual English-language debating tournament for high school-level teams representing different countries.

In recent years, the championships have involved teams from around 35 nations each year.


Contents

Past Championships

Year Champions Runners-up Semi-finalists Venue
2008 England New Zealand Greece & Scotland Washington DC, United States
2007 Scotland Singapore Canada & England Seoul, South Korea
2006 Australia Ireland Canada & Singapore Cardiff, Wales
2005 Australia England Argentina & Pakistan Calgary, Canada
2004 Australia South Africa England & Greece Stuttgart, Germany
2003 Australia Singapore England & Scotland Lima, Peru
2002 Ireland Australia England & Scotland Singapore
2001 Australia Scotland Singapore & South Africa Johannesburg, South Africa
2000 Australia England Israel & New Zealand Pittsburgh, United States
1999 Scotland England Australia & United States London, England
1998 Australia Scotland New Zealand & Peru Jerusalem, Israel
1997 Australia England Pakistan & Singapore Bermuda
1996 England Pakistan Scotland & Singapore Canberra, Australia
1995 New Zealand Scotland Australia & England Cardiff, Wales
1994 United States Pakistan Australia & Scotland New Zealand
1993 England Scotland
Medicine Hat, Canada
1992 New Zealand Scotland
London, England
1991 New Zealand Australia
Edinburgh, Scotland
1990 Scotland Australia
Winnipeg, Canada
1989 not held
1988 Canada Australia
Australia

Future Championships



History

The championships were first held in 1988 in Australia, as part of the Australian Bicentenary celebrations. Members of the Australian Debating Federation were aware that the World Universities Debating Championship was to be hosted by the University of Sydney in January that year, but no similar event for high school students existed at the time. However the rapid growth of the university championships since its founding in 1981 showed the potential for international debating competitions. Christopher Erskine took on the task of organising the first world schools championships, which was then called the Bicentennial International School Students Debating Championships. Six countries competed in the inaugural tournament – Australia, Canada, England, Hong Kong, New Zealand and the United States. The teams flew into different cities in Australia for their first debates, before meeting-up in Canberra for the second week of the competition. The event was ultimately won by Canada, who defeated Australia in the Grand Final.

The success of the 1988 event saw Canada offer to host the second championship two years later in 1990. That year, the event was called the World Debating Championships. Seven teams took part in the 1990 competition, with first-time participants Scotland emerging as champions.

In 1991, the championships were held in Edinburgh, and the event took on its present name of the World Schools Debating Championships. Since then, the championships have rapidly grown in size.

Each country is entitled to enter one team. As with some other international competitions such as the FIFA World Cup, the nations of the United Kingdom are allowed to take part individually, as are dependent territories (such as Bermuda) and special regions of some countries (such as Hong Kong).

All debates in the championship are in English. This is for practical reasons, but it means that many countries debate in what is for them a foreign language. This has not stopped a number of these teams being very successful. Pakistan, for example, has reached the Grand Final twice; while Argentina, Peru, Greece and Israel have all reached the semi-finals. Special awards have been introduced for the highest-ranked teams made-up of English-as-a-second-language (ESL) and English-as-a-foreign-language (EFL) speakers.

To show that debate is universal, hosts in non-English-speaking nations have often showcased demonstration (non-competition) debates in their own language during the championships. A notable example was in Lima in 2003, where the teams from Argentina and Peru gave a demonstration debate in Spanish (but in the World Schools style) in the Congress of Peru chamber.

During the late-1990s, a significant number of countries from Central Europe and Eastern Europe joined the championship. These countries, formerly part of the Soviet bloc during the Cold War, were introduced to school debate in the early-1990s through the Open Society Institute's programmes. These teams have been regular competitors and have frequently won the special awards for teams from non-English-speaking nations.

Since 2000, the competition has also been joined by a growing number of teams from Asia. Pakistan, Hong Kong, Singapore and Malaysia had already been regular competitors, but by the mid-2000s, almost the entire Indian subcontinent had become involved, as have the Philippines, Indonesia, Brunei, South Korea, Mongolia and Japan. Singapore and Pakistan have both been runners-up twice, but so far the champions have always come from Great Britain, Ireland, North America or Oceania.

Format

World Schools Debating Championship debates use a special format known as 'World Schools Style Debating'. This is a combination of the British Parliamentary and Australian formats, designed to meet the needs of the tournament. Each debate comprises eight speeches delivered by two three-member teams (the Proposition and the Opposition). Each speaker delivers an eight-minute speech; then both teams deliver a "reply speech" lasting four minutes, with the last word being reserved for the Proposition. Between the end of the first and the beginning of the last minute of an eight-minute speech, the opposing party may offer "points of information". The speaker may refuse these, but should take at least one or two points during his or her speech.

The style of debate was originally a compromise and not used apart from the championship. However, the style has since been embraced by many countries for their national competitions, including Australia, Argentina, Germany, Israel, New Zealand, South Africa, Slovenia, Singapore and South Korea.

The WSDC normally takes place over the course of ten days. Each national team competes in eight preliminary debates: four prepared debates (the motion having been announced a few weeks before the start of the tournament) and four impromptu debates (for which teams have one hour to prepare). Once the eight preliminary rounds have been completed, the 16 best teams compete in knock-out debates (known as the Octofinals) culminating in a Grand Final. For each debate, three judges (or more in later rounds) mark each debater on his or her style, content and strategy.

A notable difference between WSDC and the World Individual Debating and Public Speaking Championships – the other major international competition of its type – is that WSDC's primary focus is on the ranking of each country's team as opposed to each individual participant's ranking.

The World Schools Debating Council

The World Schools Debating Championships is governed by the World Schools Debating Council, made up of representatives of each of the countries who participate in the championships. Decisions are made by democratic votes of the Council members (though only representatives of countries who have entered teams in at least two of the past three WSDCs may vote on amendments to the championship rules). The Council decides which countries will host the tournament, monitors and revises the WSDC rules, and elects an Executive Committee to handle matters such as adjudication, language issues, education and finance. The current Chairperson of the Executive Committee is the founder of the championships, Christopher Erskine of Australia.

There is a Charter which contains the Aims of the championship and three basic principles. The principles ensure that there is no censorship of motions for debate, and that all teams take part on an equal basis. All participants and all hosts must agree to abide by the Charter before taking part. A consequence is that a country which will not allow particular teams to enter the country is unable to host. The team from Israel, for example, is unable to enter several of the countries taking part, and those countries are currently unable to host the championship. By contrast, Israel itself permits all teams to enter its country, and was therefore able to host the championship in 1998.

Charter of the World Schools Debating Championships

  • To achieve excellence in debating
  • To encourage debating throughout the world
  • To promote international understanding
  • To promote free speech

In order to further these aims, all participating countries agree that:

  • The team of any participating country may be required to debate any issue.
  • The team of any participating country may be required to debate against the team of any other participating country.
  • The team of any participating country is entitled to take part in the Championships on the same basis as any other participating country's team.

Best Speakers

The winner of the Best Individual Speaker award at the World Schools Debating Championships was chosen though a separate public speaking competition up to 1997. From 1998 onwards, the best speaker has been determined based on the average scores awarded to each individual debater by judges over the eight preliminary rounds (only debaters who speak in at least four of the eight preliminary rounds are eligible for the award).

Year Best Speaker
2008 Jennifer Savage (New Zealand)
2007 Kaerlin McCormick (Australia)
2006 Jamie Susskind (England)
2005 Julia Fetherston (Australia)
2004 not awarded
2003 Julia Fetherston (Australia)
2002 Patrick Meagher (Australia)
2001 Jonathan Pflug (Singapore)
2000 Simon Quinn (Australia)
1999 Simon Quinn (Australia)
1998 Mark Thomson (Australia)
1997 Jonathan Walbridge (New Zealand)
1996 Kirsty McNeill (Scotland)
1995 Niall Paterson (Scotland)
1994 Niall Paterson (Scotland)
1993 not awarded
1992 Dominic Johnson (England)
1991 Marc Oppenheimer (United States)
1990 Stephen Magee (Scotland)
1989 championship not held
1988 not awarded

External links


World Universities Debating Championship


















The World Universities Debating Championship (WUDC) is the world's largest debating tournament, and one of the largest annual international student events in the world.[1] It is a parliamentary debating event, held using a variant of the British Parliamentary Debate format. Each year, the event is hosted by a university selected by the World Universities Debating Council. The tournament is colloquially referred to as "Worlds".

Contents

Past champions and hosts

Year World Champions Hosts
2008 University of Oxford (England) Assumption University (Thailand)
2007 University of Sydney (Australia) University of British Columbia (Canada)
2006 University of Toronto (Canada) University College Dublin (Ireland)
2005 University of Ottawa (Canada) Multimedia University (Malaysia)
2004 Middle Temple (England) Nanyang Technological University (Singapore)
2003 University of Cambridge (England) Stellenbosch University (South Africa)
2002 New York University (United States) University of Toronto (Canada)
2001 University of Sydney (Australia) University of Glasgow (Scotland)
2000 Monash University (Australia) University of Sydney (Australia)
1999 Monash University (Australia) Ateneo de Manila University (Philippines)
1998 Gray's Inn (England) Deree College (Greece)
1997 University of Glasgow (Scotland) Stellenbosch University (South Africa)
1996 Macquarie University (Australia) University College Cork (Ireland)
1995 University of New South Wales (Australia) Princeton University (United States)
1994 University of Glasgow (Scotland) University of Melbourne (Australia)
1993 Harvard University (United States) University of Oxford (England)
1992 University of Glasgow (Scotland) Trinity College Dublin (Ireland)
1991 McGill University (Canada) University of Toronto (Canada)
1990 Yale University (United States) University of Glasgow (Scotland)
1989 University of Sydney (Australia) Princeton University (United States)
1988 University of Oxford (England) University of Sydney (Australia)
1987 University of Glasgow (Scotland) University College Dublin (Ireland)
1986 University College Cork (Ireland) Fordham University (United States)
1985 King's Inns (Ireland) McGill University (Canada)
1984 University of Sydney (Australia) University of Edinburgh (Scotland)
1983 University of Glasgow (Scotland) Princeton University (United States)
1982 University of Auckland (New Zealand) University of Toronto (Canada)
1981 University of Toronto (Canada) University of Glasgow (Scotland)

Future championships


World Debating Championships

World Debating Championship
WUDC History.
WUDC Rules
WUDC Public Speaking
WUDC Tab Sheets (Excel)
List of Speakers

General

WUDC Constitution
WUDC Country Votes
WUDC Website
WUDC Tab System
WUDC National Reports
New Database to enforce 4 year rule

Minutes

WDC Minutes 2001
- Sydney letter to Glasgow
WDC Minutes 2000
- WDC Accounts 2000
WDC Minutes 1999
WDC Minutes 1998
WDC Minutes 1997(1.7mb)
WDC Minutes 1995
- WDC Accounts 1995

Results

Worlds Results

Links
Full Links.
Debaters Directory
Debating address list.
British Debating
Debating.net

Top Twenty

Currently, the top 20 universities out of 429 institutions are ranked by Colm Flynn as follows:[4]


See also

Notes and references

External links

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