Selasa, 08 Juli 2008

Nominated as a UNESCO Cultural Heritage Site, the Kerinci seblat National Park is one of the largest national parks in all Asia. The park create in 1982 from series of nature reserves, game preserves, and protection forests. The earliest of which were established by the Ducth in 1929. Strecthing over 345 kilometers of the Bukit Barisan mountain chain in central Sumatra. The park consists of approximately 1.368 million hectares, ranging in elevation from 200 meters to the top of MT. Kerinci at 3.805 meters. Two hundred fifteen thousand of these hectares are located within Kerinci itself, forming the center-most portion of the park.

The main conservation value of the Kerinci Seblat National Park is two fold. First, as the largest remaining block of the forest on Sumatra, the park plays an extremely important role in preserving tropical biological diversity. The Park contains at least 360 species of birds, 85 species of mammal, 100 species of reptiles, 60 species of amphibians and 8 species of primates, and serves as an essential refuge for number of high-profile species, including the Sumatran sub-species species of rhinoceros (Dicerorhinus sumatrensis), tiger (Panthera tigris sumatrae) and elephant (elephas maximus sumatrensis). The park also protects over 4000 species of vascular plants, including the world-famaous Rafflesia and Amorphophallus, both of which are represented by multiple species.

Second, the park contains the catchment area of two the largest rivers in Sumatra, the Musi and the Batang Hari. An estimated 10 million hectares of agricultural land in Jambi, West Sumatra, South Sumatra and Bengkulu, as wellas 5 million people are dependent on water from these rivers. The rivers of the national park play an important role in regulating the flow of the water, thereby reducing the likelihood of lowland flooding during the rainy season and droughts during the dry season.

The National Park of Kerinci Seblat site in the center of Sumatera. It is the largest conservation land in Indonesia and in southeast Asia. It is 1.368.000 hectares and lays along four province : west Sumatera (353, 780 hectares / 25,86 %); Jambi (422,190 hectares / 30,86 %); Bengkulu (310,910 hectares / 22,73 %) and South Sumatera (281,120 hectares / 20,55 %) there also lies Bukit Barisan along the land and mountains in its middle which are known to have priceless biodiversities and wild life diversity as well as various types of tropical rain forest ecosystems. The hilly and mountainous landscapes hold an important role for water supplying where 9.940.000 hectares to be lines of rivers and streams. Thus, NPKS is undoubtfully the life supporting system for outer regions and also one of the lungs of the world. Ignorance will cause global destruction to the ecosystem and furthermore the population of the world.

More than 40.000 hectares has been ruined, casual factors of the destruction of the NPKS area : mass extraction of forest by timber industry license holders (HPH0 and illegal occupancy for forming lands, Conflagaration of forest that causes frightening air pollotion, Wild hunting that drivers to animal extinction. (Indonesian forestry departemen The statistic datas report, 2002; The National Park of Kerinci Seblat house statistic datas report, 2002)

For precaution acts, we need to have a mutual agreement with the surrounding societies who involve and get on to the area very well to make expected results and so it will make their comprehensive opinion on how important the program could give them in the future.

As the starting is to establish an information bureau which will stimulate the society and the international to join pronctively and get involve in the conservation of this area; accelerate the public awareness of the area existence as an ecosystem controllers; find suitable solutions that occupy sociocultural approach term. There of course can only be done with strategic plans and with well-estimated timing, We are promptly suggesting one henceforth :

Kerinci Seblat National Park and its surviving buffer zone forests is probably the single most important continuous For precaution acts, we need to have a mutual agreement with the surrounding societies who involve and get on to the area very well to make expected results and so it will make their comprehensive opinion on how important the program could give them in the future, this mean implementation Indonesian government and International policy for conservation and protection for nature (implementation of the Ramsar strategic plan 2003-2008),( the implementation of the Government of Indonesia's commitment (Praturan Pemerintah PP.7/ 1999) regarding protection of endangered species and (the Forestry Minister’s letter No. 736/Mentan/X/1982 regarding protection and consevation National Park Kerinci Seblat)

Historically, the socioculture of the surroundings society is colourful, different and diverse, directly or indirectly though may form different characters and life patterns. One important factor to reach

One of an unchanged life pattern in Kerinci regency is the culture to be formers. Its threat is even greater nowadays that with average density to be 75 head/Km2, specifically to be the densest enclave in the world. From the history of Kerinci, former Kerincinese once had strong culture and custom to conserve and preserve their surroundings; to uphold the ecosystem balance by declaring customary forest, forbidden forest and these lands still exist nowadays

Should we be asked to protect the area of NPKS from the black-handed, we will start from the lower society who directly involves in the stabilization of the area, mobilize them to support any policy and protection program and law pronounced may be a good failure.

For precaution acts, we need to have a mutual agreement with the surrounding societies who involve and get on to the area very well to make expected results and so it will make their comprehensive opinion on how important the program could give them in the future. As the starting is to establish an information bureau which will stimulate the society and the international to join pronctively and get involve in the conservation of this area; accelerate the public awareness of the area existence as an ecosystem controllers; find suitable solutions that occupy sociocultural approach term. There of course can only be done with strategic plans and with well-estimated timing. We are promptly suggesting one henceforth :

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