Selasa, 17 Maret 2009

Ada Apa Dengan TOEFL?


"Kasih Sayang Bicara Tanpa Bicara, Rasa Rindu Bicara Tanpa Kata-kata"
~Arip Nurahman~

Mari Kita Belajar TOEFL

Speaking Section



Directions: The Speaking section in the test measures your ability to speak about a variety of topics.


· In questions 1 and 2, in an actual test, your response will be scored on your ability to speak clearly and coherently about familiar topics.


· In questions 3 and 4, in an actual test, you will first read a short text and then listen to a talk on the same topic. You will have to combine appropriate information from the text and the talk to provide a complete answer. Your response will be scored on your ability to accurately convey information, and to speak clearly and coherently. In this sampler, you will read both the text and the talk.


· In questions 5 and 6, in an actual test, you will listen to part of a conversation or lecture. Then, you will be asked a question about what you have heard. Your response will be scored on your ability to accurately convey information, and to speak clearly and coherently. In this sampler, you will read the conversation.


· In an actual test, you will be able to take notes while you read and while you listen to the conversations and talks. You may use your notes to help prepare your responses.


· Preparation and response times for an actual test are noted in this text. Candidates with disabilities may request time extensions.


· Sample candidate responses and score explanations can be found in the online version of the sampler. The scoring rubric used to score actual responses can be found on the TOEFL website’s “Download Library” page.


1. Talk about a pleasant and memorable event that happened while you were in school. Explain why this event brings back fond memories.


Preparation Time: 15 seconds

Response Time: 45 seconds


2. Some people think it is more fun to spend time with friends in restaurants or cafés. Others think it is more fun to spend time with friends at home. Which do you think is better? Explain why.


Preparation Time: 15 seconds

Response Time: 45 seconds


3. Read the following text and the conversation that follows it. Then, answer the question.


The Northfield College Student Association recently decided to make a new purchase. Read the following announcement in the college newspaper about the decision. (Reading time in an actual test would be 45-50 seconds.)

Good News for Movie Fans

The Student Association has just purchased a new sound system for the Old Lincoln Hall auditorium, the place where movies on campus are currently shown. By installing the new sound system, the Student Association hopes to attract more students to the movies and increase ticket sales. Before making the purchase of the new equipment, the Student Association conducted a survey on campus to see what kind of entertainment students liked best. Going to the movies ranked number one. “Students at Northfield College love going to the movies” said the president of the Student Association, “so we decided to make what they already love even better. We’re confident that the investment into the sound system will translate into increased ticket sales.”


(Male student) I really think the Student Association made a bad decision.


(Female student) Really? Why? Don’t you like going to the movies?


(Male student) Sure I do. But this new purchase is just a waste of money.


(Female student) What do you mean? It’s supposed to sound really good.


(Male student) Yeah, well, I’m sure it does, but, in Old Lincoln Hall? I mean that building must be 200 years old! It used to be the college gym! The acoustics are terrible.


(Female student) So you’re saying there’ll be no improvement?


(Male student) That’s right. And also, I seriously doubt that going to the movies is the number one social activity for most students.


(Female student) Yeah, but that’s what students said.


(Male student) Well, of course that’s what they said. What else is there to do on campus?


(Female student) What do you mean?


(Male student) I mean, there isn’t much to do on campus besides go to the movies. If there were other forms of, uh recreation, or other social activities, you know, I don’t think most students would have said that going to the movies was their first choice.



Question: The man expresses his opinion of the Student Association’s recent purchase.

State his opinion and explain the reasons he gives for holding that opinion.


Preparation Time: 30 seconds

Response Time: 60 seconds


4. Read a passage from a psychology textbook and the lecture that follows it. Then answer the question. (Reading time in an actual test would be 45-50 seconds.)


Flow

In psychology, the feeling of complete and energized focus in an activity is called flow. People who enter a state of flow lose their sense of time and have a feeling of great satisfaction. They become completely involved in an activity for its own sake rather than for what may result from the activity, such as money or prestige. Contrary to expectation, flow usually happens not during relaxing moments of leisure and entertainment, but when we are actively involved in a difficult enterprise, in a task that stretches our mental or physical abilities.


(Male professor) I think this will help you get a picture of what your textbook is describing. I had a friend who taught in the physics department, Professor Jones, he retired last year. . . . Anyway, I remember . . . this was a few years ago . . . I remember passing by a classroom early one morning just as he was leaving, and he looked terrible: his clothes were all rumpled, and he looked like he hadn’t slept all night. And I asked if he was OK. I was surprised when he said that he never felt better, that he was totally happy. He had spent the entire night in the classroom working on a mathematics puzzle. He didn’t stop to eat dinner; he didn’t stop to sleep . . . or even rest. He was that involved in solving the puzzle. And it didn’t even have anything to do with his teaching or research; he had just come across this puzzle accidentally, I think in a mathematics journal, and it just really interested him, so he worked furiously all night and covered the blackboards in the classroom with equations and numbers and never realized that time was passing by.

Question: Explain flow and how the example used by the professor illustrates the concept.

Preparation Time: 30 seconds

Response Time: 60 seconds


5. Read the following conversation between two students and then answer the

question.


(Female student) How’s the calculus class going? You’re doing better?


(Male student) Not really. I just can’t get the hang of it. There’re so many functions and formulas to memorize, you know? And the final . . . It’s only a few weeks away. I’m really worried about doing well.


(Female student) Oh . . . You know, you should go to the tutoring program and ask for help.


(Male student) You mean, in the Mathematics building?


(Female student) Ya. Get a tutor there. Most tutors are doctoral students in the math program. They know what they’re talking about, and for the final test, you know, they’d tell you what to study, how to prepare, all of that.


(Male student) I know about that program . . . but doesn’t it cost money?


(Female student) Of course. You have to register and pay by the hour . . . But they’ve got all the answers.


(Male student) Hmm . . .


(Female student) Another option, I guess, is to form a study group with other students. That won’t cost you any money.


(Male student) That’s a thought . . . although once I was in a study group, and it was a big waste of time. We usually ended up talking about other stuff like what we did over the weekend.


(Female student) But that was for a different class, right? I’ve actually had some pretty good experiences with study groups. Usually students in the same class have different strengths and weaknesses with the material . . . if they’re serious about studying, they can really help each other out. Think about it.


Question: Briefly summarize the problem the speakers are discussing. Then state which solution you would recommend. Explain the reasons for your recommendation.


Preparation Time: 20 seconds

Response Time: 60 seconds


6. Read part of a lecture in a biology course and then answer the question.


(Female professor) Human beings aren’t the only animals that use tools. It’s generally recognized that other animals use tools as well . . . use them naturally, in the wild, without any human instruction. But when can we say that an object is a tool? Well, it depends on your definition of a tool. And in fact, there are two competing definitions—a narrow definition and a broad one. The narrow definition says that a tool is an object that’s used to perform a specific task . . . but not just any object. To be a tool, according to the narrow definition, the object’s gotta be purposefully changed or shaped by the animal, or human, so that it can be used that way. It’s an object that’s made. Wild chimpanzees use sticks to dig insects out of their nests . . . but most sticks lying around won’t do the job . . . they might be too thick, for example. So the sticks have to be sharpened so they’ll fit into the hole in an ant hill or the insect nest. The chimp pulls off the leaves and chews the stick and trims it down that way until it’s the right size. The chimp doesn’t just find the stick . . . it . . . you could say it makes it in a way.

But the broad definition says an object doesn’t have to be modified to be considered a tool. The broad definition says a tool is any object that’s used to perform a specific task. For example, an elephant will sometimes use a stick to scratch its back . . . it just picks up a stick from the ground and scratches its back with it . . . It doesn’t modify the stick, it uses it just as it’s found. And it’s a tool, under the broad definition, but under the narrow definition it’s not because, well, the elephant doesn’t change it in any way.


Question: Using points and examples from the talk, describe the two different

definitions of tools given by the professor.


Preparation Time: 20 seconds

Response Time: 60 seconds



Sumber:

1. Wikipedia



4. ETS, TOEFL


Ucapan Terima Kasih:

Guru-guruku tersayang, dan sahabat-sahabatku yang senatiasa memberikan dorongan moril dan materil

Disusun Ulang Oleh:

Arip Nurahman

Pendidikan Fisika, FPMIPA. Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia

&

Follower Open Course Ware at MIT-Harvard University, Cambridge. USA.

Terima Kasih, Semoga Bermanfaat dan Tetap Semangat

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