Senin, 09 Maret 2009

BAHASA JERMAN

der menschliche Körper
von Kopf bis Fuß
The Human Body
from head to toe (foot)
Englisch Deutsch
hair* das Haar/die Haare (pl.)
*In German "hair" can be referred to as singular or plural, when it is only singular in English: "my hair" = mein Haar (sing.) or meine Haare (pl.); "her long hair" = ihr langes Haar (sing.) or ihre langen Haare (pl.)
head der Kopf
ear, ears das Ohr, die Ohren (pl.)
face das Gesicht
forehead die Stirn
eyebrow, eyebrows die Augenbraue, die Augenbrauen
eyelash, eyelashes die Wimper, die Wimpern
eye, eyes das Auge, die Augen
nose die Nase
lip, lips die Lippe, die Lippen
mouth* der Mund
*An animal's mouth is called das Maul. When used for people, it's considered rude: "Halt's Maul!" = "Shut up!"
tooth, teeth der Zahn, die Zähne
chin das Kinn
neck der Hals
shoulder, shoulders die Schulter, die Schultern
back der Rücken
arm, arms der Arm, die Arme
elbow, elbows der Ell(en)bogen, die Ell(en)bogen
wrist, wrists das Handgelenk, die Handgelenke
hand, hands die Hand, die Hände
finger, fingers der Finger, die Finger
thumb, thumbs* der Daumen, die Daumen
*Instead of crossing your fingers, in German you "press your thumb" for good luck: Daumen drücken! = "Cross your fingers!"
index finger der Zeigefinger
finger nail (nails) der Fingernagel (-nägel)
chest die Brust
breast, breasts (bosom) die Brust, die Brüste (der Busen)
stomach, belly der Bauch
NEXT > More Body Vocabulary
BODY GAMES > Word Search and Hangman


Postal Vocabulary
Annotated English-German Phrasebook
AT THE POST OFFICE • AUF DER POST
English Deutsch
post office die Post / das Postamt
German Postal Bank die Postbank
Web: Postbank (in German)

German Postal Service die Deutsche Post AG
Web: Deutsche Post (in German)
Web: Deutsche Post (in English)

AT THE COUNTER • AM SCHALTER
by air mail mit / per Luftpost
Note: The old distinction between "surface mail" and "air mail" is pretty much history. All mail between Europe and most other parts of the world goes by air. Even packages no longer go by sea.
customs form / declaration die Zollerklärung
DHL DHL
Note: The express shipping company DHL is owned by Deutsche Post.
express mail die Eilsendung / die Expressmail
How long does it take for a package to get to... ? - Wie lange braucht ein Packet nach... ?
general delivery postlagernde Sendungen
mail die Post
package, parcel das Paket
postage stamp die Briefmarke
I'd like five 90-cent stamps. - Ich möchte fünf Briefmarken zu 90 (neunzig) Cent.
postage das Porto
post card(s) die Postkarte(n)
registered (mail) per Einschreiben
registered letter der Einschreibebrief
self-sticking stamps selbstklebende Marken
small package / parcel das Päkchen
special delivery letter der Eilbrief
special delivery mail die Eilsendung
stamp(s) die Briefmarke(n)
to stamp, put on a stamp frankieren
MAIL • DIE POST
mailbox der Briefkasten
mail carrier der Postbote / die Postbotin
mailman, postman der Postbote
ON THE ENVELOPE • AUF DEM UMSCHLAG
English Deutsch
Address unknown unbekannt verzogen
Deceased verstorben
Forward nachsenden
From / Sender Absender (der)
Moved (to) verzogen (nach)
Moved out of the country / abroad ins Ausland Verzogen
P.O. Box 21233 Postfach 21233
postal code - ZIP code PLZ = Postleitzahl (die)
Postage paid (w/ digital code) DV bezahlt
Postage paid (Port payé) Freimachung (DV)
Printed matter Drucksache (die)
Refused verweigert
Undeliverable unzustellbar
Unknown - No such person unbekannt
REMARKS
Printed or written on envelope / package
DEUTSCH ENGLISH
Bei Umzug Anschriftenbenachrichtigungskarte! New address requested! ("If recipient has moved, send a change-of-address card!")
Bei Umzug mit neuer Anschrift zurück! If recipent has moved, return to sender with new address!
Bitte an Absender zurück! Please return to sender!
Bitte Freimachen! Please use postage stamp! (pay postage)
Entgelt bezahlt Postage paid
Maschinenfähig Machine readable
Nicht nachsenden! Do not forward!
Wenn unzustellbar, zurück! If undeliverable, return to sender!

Saying "Thank you"
To say "thank you" in German, the simple word Danke will do the job. However, as in English, there are many variations and styles of expressing thanks in German. Here is a look at ten ways to say "thank you" - plus some related German words and expressions for expressing your gratitude. (Note: The pronunciations indicated below are only approximate. Items with "Hear it!" have audio. See our language lab and Lesson 1 of German for Beginners for more on the sounds of German.)
1. Danke! (DAHNK-uh) Thanks! Thank you. (also "No thanks" - See note below) Hear it!
2. Danke schön!* (DAHNK-uh shoon) Thank you! Hear it!
3. Tausend Dank! (TAU-zent DAHNK) A thousand thanks! Thanks very much!
4. Danke vielmals! (DAHNK-uh FEEL-malls) Many thanks!
5. Recht schönen Dank! (RECHT shoon-en DAHNK) Many thanks!
6. Ich danke Ihnen/dir! (eech DAHNK-uh EEH-nun / DEAR) I thank you!
7. Ich bin (Ihnen/dir) sehr dankbar für... (eek bin DAHNK-bar fe-ur) I'm very grateful (to you) for...
8. Haben Sie vielen Dank! (HAH-ben zee FEEL-en DAHNK) Many thanks!
9. Vielen Dank!** (FEEL-en DAHNK) Many thanks! Hear it!
10. Mit tiefer Dankbarkeit! (MITT TEEF-er DAHNK-bar-kite) With deep gratitude!
*Another variation: Danke sehr! Thank you very much!
**Some similar forms: Besten Dank! Best thanks!; Herzlichen Dank! Heartfelt thanks!; Schönen Dank! Many thanks!
Now let's look at some related German words and phrases for expressing your gratitude (die Dankbarkeit):
Related Expressions and Words
• dankbar grateful, thankful
• die Dankbarkeit gratitude, thanks
• Ich bedanke mich! I thank you! - My thanks!
• Nein, danke! No thanks!* Hear it!
• Nichts zu danken! Don't mention it! You're welcome!
• Bitte! You're welcome! (in response to "Danke!) Hear it!
• das Dankeschön (a/the) thank-you
• Ein herzliches Dankeschön! My/Our heartfelt thanks!
• das Dankschreiben thank-you note/letter
• der Dankbrief thank-you letter
• das Dankgebet prayer of thanks
• die Danksagung expression of thanks/gratitude, thanksgiving
• das Erntedankfest (Harvest) Thanksgiving (see Thanksgiving in Germany)
*Note: If you say "Danke!" in response to an offer, it may be understood as "no thanks." To say "thanks, yes" use "Bitte!" (please). Learn more in Lesson 1 of German for Beginners.

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